Ports, Navigation and Marine Pollution: 


The Red Sea and Gulf of Aden carry around 7 per cent of global seaborne trade and a significant portion of the world’s crude and refined oil cargoes. The Region, therefore, dangerously faces a constant threat from oil spills and maritime accidents. In response to this, PERSGA designed its Navigation and Maritime Programme to increase the safety of international shipping in the RSGA Region and to introduce measures to reduce impacts from marine pollution.  More specifically, the Programme focuses its efforts on the following:

  • Adoption of relevant international, regional and national legislation and policy
  • Completion of hydro-graphical surveys and review of routing measures
  • Development of navigation aids, traffic and safety systems
  • Ballast water measures
  • Oil Spill Contingency Planning and Accident Response mechanisms
  • Establishment and strengthening of the Marine Emergency Mutual Aid Center (EMARSGA)





Contracting parties shall:


“ Take all appropriate measures in conformity with the present Convention and with generally recognized international rules to prevent, abate and combat pollution in the Sea Area caused by intentional or accidental discharges from ships and shall ensure effective compliance in the Sea Area with generally recognized international rules relating to the control of this type of pollution including load-on-top, segregated ballast and crude oil washing procedures for tankers...” (Jeddah Convention Article IV “Pollution from Ships”)




PERSGA works closely with International Maritime Organization, the National Authorities of its Member States, the United Kingdom Hydro-graphic Office and the private sector to implement its Navigation activities.  It also relies on its newly-established Emergency Mutual Aid Center  in the  Red Sea and gulf of Aden (EMARSGA) in Egypt, which acts as a Regional resource to coordinate pollution prevention and control mechanisms among PERSGA Member States, foster collaboration, and assist States in strengthening national capacity. 

The Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden