PERSGA has participated in training workshop procurement sustainable management. The program was organized by the International Labor Organization “ILO” and took place at the International training centre at Torino Italy. The program started with an introduction to the course and participants. Twelve participants of high ranking government and intergovernmental organizations officers, registered for the public sustainable procurement module joined another twelve participants registered for the broader Master Program in public procurement, which sustainable procurement comprises one of its modules. The Master Program is given for one year, out of which the student needs to spend at the International Training Centre in Turing Italy only four months. PERSGA was represented by Dr. Mohammad Badran; Director of Projects Management, Manager of the GEF supported Project Sustainable Management of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.
Sustainable procurement is one of the tools of sustainable development, which targets establishing synergies between Environmental Balance, Social Progress and Economic Feasibility. Environmental balance is centered on conservation of natural resources, quality of the ecosystems (air, water and land), biodiversity and reduction of the ecological footprint. Social balance is centered on protection of human rights, reduction of poverty, hunger and inequality, and decent working and living conditions. Economic feasibility focuses on economic growth, job creation, promotion of Small and Medium Enterprises and environmental and social integration. The course emphasizes the ILO approach to decent jobs. International labor standards are first and foremost about the development of people as human beings. In the ILO’s declaration of Philadelphia of 1944, the international community recognized that “labor is not a commodity”. Work is part of everyone’s daily life and is crucial to a person’s dignity, well-being and development as a human being. Economic development should include the creation of jobs and working conditions in which people can work in freedom, safety and dignity. Thus, economic development is not undertaken for its own sake but to improve the lives of human beings. Public procurement is a tool where procurement of goods and procurement of human services are handled in a fair manner for the best benefit of the entire community. The main criteria to be considered in sustainable public procurement are efficiency/effectiveness, fairness, openness, competition, transparency and accountability. The course discussed Drivers of change towards sustainable economies and societies. These include Physical effects (e.g. lack of water resources, over-charged drains, disappearing forests, …); Regulations and policy instruments (environmental standards, eco-tax, emission trading, renewable energy subsidies, sustainable procurement…); demand for resources and rising prices (living resources, minerals ..); competition (reducing energy intensity, recycling by-products, ..); public opinion and political will (green economy promotion, ..); collective bargaining / consumer preferences (greener workplaces, greener processes, greener products, greener retail).
The principles of green jobs were discussed. Jobs are green when they help reduce negative environmental impact and lead to environmentally, economically and socially sustainable enterprises and economies. Green jobs are decent jobs in agriculture, manufacturing or service that improve energy and raw materials efficiency, limit greenhouse gas emissions, minimize waste and pollution, protect and restore ecosystems, support adaptation to the effects of climate change. Decent Work Indicators include equal employment opportunities for equal qualifications, unforced paid work, adequate earnings and productive work, fair and equal treatment in employment, decent working hours, social dialogue and workplace relations, safe work environment, stability and security of work, social protection and fair balance of work and family life. In procurement of goods it is important to focus on the cost life cycle of the product rather than the initial price. This needs to have the necessary legal instruments and should be considered in different procurement steps, starting from identifying the need and going through preparing the tender documents and contracts, selection and after commissioning management of the commodity
The Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden